Anthracite Strike of 1902

ист
Пенсильванская стачка горняков 1902 года
Крупная забастовка на шахтах восточной Пенсильвании. Началась весной 1902 по призыву Объединенного профсоюза шахтеров [United Mine Workers of America] с требованиями повышения оплаты труда, повышения техники безопасности и признания профсоюза менеджментом предприятий. Из-за стачки многие районы остались без отопления. В результате вмешательства президента Т. Рузвельта [Roosevelt, Theodore (Teddy)], пригласившего представителей обеих сторон в Белый дом [White House], была создана правительственная арбитражная комиссия, выработавшая компромиссные условия прекращения конфликта. Когда управляющие отказались от предложенных комиссией условий, Рузвельт пригрозил им отправкой на места войск и взятия предприятий под контроль федеральных властей. Забастовка закончилась в марте 1903, шахтерам была повышена зарплата и установлен 9-часовый рабочий день, однако профсоюз так и не признали. Рузвельт тогда впервые описал свои действия как попытку достичь "справедливого соглашения" [Square Deal] (вскоре эта фраза стала названием его политической платформы).
тж Anthracite Coal Strike, Great Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902

English-Russian dictionary of regional studies. 2013.

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